You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Present a written argument or case to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:
The first car appeared on British roads in 1888. By the year 2000 there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on British roads. Alternative forms of transport should be encouraged and international laws introduced to control car ownership and use.
What do you think? Give reasons for your answer. You should write at least 250 words. You should use your own ideas, knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.
The solution of overcrowded traffic
Nowaday, these are about of cars on British road and they have increased day to day. By the year 2000 there may be as many as 29 million vehicles on British roads. In this essay, I intend to examine, about the solutions of these problems.
Firstly, the people living in British need to think about themselves. If they used the bus and train instead of their car, this problem would resolve a little. Because of this, the British Government should introduce to control car ownership and use. For example, the government can ban to enter the road by car in the someday all family from a house.
Secondly, the buses and trains of government should be free for public population. Thus, the people would use these transport vehicles instead of their own car. After that, the roads in Britain would be safer and more comfortable.
Lastly, the number of cars that are exported from another country should decrease and the prices of car should increase in case they aren’t overcrowded. For example, the prices of cigarettes increased and the consuption of cigarettes get down.
In conclusion, if these measures put into action the problem of traffic can be decreased in the British roads.
The transport has been one of the most important problems for the last two centuries. The problem began with the development and the growing of the cities.
Before the eighth century the people lived in small villages or towns and did not have necessity to too car. The people did not worry about the time to arrive in some where.
Nowadays the situation changed. Many cars on the streets and many people need to go to any place. The numbers of car has increased and as a result there are many problems: pollution, noise, car accident, insufficient car park and petroleum problem.
On the other hand, people use car to go anywhere: to work, to travel, to spent holiday and to amusement. Meanwhile the car is important the cities must have another solution. It is important to organise its using and to meet alternative ways.
In big cities there are some alternatives like undergrounds (metro), coach, tram and bycicles. In China and Cuba for example they use a lot of bycicles instead using the cars or coaches.
It would be better to think about others different kinds of transport. In Brasil the Government has talked about transport on the rivers. In this country there are many rivers where it is possible to go to different places. In general they are flat rivers.
Another kind of transport is car that uses solar energy. Probably they don’t have pollution problem and it is cheaper than others car.
In conclusion, the transport is a social problem in big cities but its polution depend on new technologies, other kind of energy and political aspects.
At present more and more people consider that animals should not be used for the benefit of human beings. These people, however, note that animals could be used if there is no evidence that they suffer in any way.
This point of view has strong and wears sides. On the other hand people used to utilize animals for food, clothes, sports etc., and we can say that there is no real substitution for meat and milk, for example. Could we say that animals do not suffer when they are killed? If we say that we don’t want animals to suffer in any way we should reject eating beef and become and chickens.
In the other hand we can give up using animals for clothes and sports. We could stop wearing furs, we could also stop races as we don’t really know whether horses enjoy them.
To final the right way we should decide what are the frames of the statement “no suffer in using animals for human’s purposes”. We should also decide what kinds of using of animals we can refuse without damaging the human’s health/ we should also create rules of painless use of animals or try to make this pain as small as we can.
In my opinion, we should stop using animals for pleasure and joy if it has a influence badly on them. We must use animals only for our real needs. We should also do our best to prevent animals from suffering starvation and useless killing.
The threat of nuclear weapons maintains world peace. Nuclear power provides cheap and clean energy.
Nuclear power is an alternative source of energy which is carefully being evaluated during these times of energy problems During these years we can say that we have energy problems but in more or less 50 years, we will be facing an energy crisis.
Nuclear power is an alternative source of energy and unlike othe sources such as solar energy, nuclear power is highly effective for industrial perpouses. If it is handled correctly there realy is no danger for the public. It is cheap, There is no threat of pollution and best of all it is limitless. It is difficult to think about nuclear power as a good source of energy for people in general. This is due to the use it has been given since its birth during the second world war. It is expressed as military power and in fact at the moment nuclear power is limited to few hands who consider themselves world power. When and if there is a change of idiology regarding the correct use of nuclear power, then we may all benefit from all the advantages nuclear power can give us.
If we outweigh the advantages and disadvantages of nuclear technology we then have the following:
As stated before, the advantages are that there is limitless supply, it is cheap, it is effective for industrial perpouse and still there are many benefits which have not yet been discovered. The disadvantages are at present time that it is limited to only a few countries who regard it as a safe military power. Also if mishandled, there is risk for the population around the plant undergo contamination as we all know happened in
Crhernobyl. If these disadvantages can be overcome, then it is
clear that nuclear energy can give us more benefits then problems. It will in the future be very important as the energy crisis is not far ahead.
In conclusion, nuclear power is good, it can be safe, and we will all benefit. It is up to our leaders to see that it is handled well so that we can all benefit from it.
Supporters of technology say that it solves makes life better. Opponents argue that technology creates new problems that may threaten or damage the quality of life. Using one or two examples, discuss these two positions. Which view of technology do you support? Why?
I agree that with the progress of technology we make our life better and easier. In many years ago, people had difficulties to travel from one place to another. For example people who wanted to come to the united states from Urope. They should prepare themselves for a very big adventure, because They had to travel the ocean by sheep and it took for them almost a month regard less of the dangers that They had to experience. But in these days people travel The same distance just by catching a plane in less than ten hours. This is the progress of technology that life easy.
The main point is tecnology, and what does technology do in our life, before any thing we should suggest to some technology's working way in doing life.
Tecnology would be very useful but in some condition fo example as a nature distribting which it would be very dangrouse, but it could be very important in other way for better live and make the life's things to do easier.
Supporthing tecnology is very important — and it would make the useful way of useing tecnology, because it needs The supporters and investing to find more and more progress in the tecnology.
But sometimes tecnology makes some problem that I mantion in the begining of essay and it would very dangerous in some ways. For example factories trash makes some problems and makes the waters dirty and it's damage wouldn't be not quality easy.
At the end I would like to say that soppprting of tecnology will be helpful and make life easier, but technology must be very careful to not be a danger and risky.
In my own points of view I support technology can solve problems and makes life better. Such as development of computer. Computer helps human solves thousand of problems, espeaclly. science. A lot of calculation was so complex. It is impossible count them from normal method. It should use a very fast computer in order to compute it. Super conductor, one of the hot technology topic. A lot of scientists study this kind of stuff. It is a very important stuff. If we can use it in normal way. That is wnderful. We can easily solve the big problem, «energy». Because super conductor has a special cental. It can pass through the energy without lossing. It is a Hi-technology's symbol.
But technology also created a lot of problem. Such as industary unless thing. Human feel dizzy from them. A lot of vehicles running on the road. Creating much CO2. Affect the earth's nature condistion. Recently. The weather was so bad. Because of the CO2. CO2 blocks the sun light. So the weather was inconsiderable.
Finally I support technology. Because it is more benefit.
Band 4Sample 5
Many times the humans have been confronted with the counceded forces of the nature. For example, when a highway is builded through the mountains which have pronoonced landscapes, rivers, and forests. This construction could affect all the aspects of the envirounement. The question about if this is good or bad depend on the people answer it.
The supporters of technology will say that the highway will allow the transportation of persons and goods between two areas faster than it was. On the other hand, opponents of technology will say that the road will damage the forests, rivers and mountains. Both arguments are valid to me because the road or highway, although it solves problems and make life more comfortable, it can be affecting the animal life in the forest that, in the future, can be dangered or extinted.
However I believe that the
The need for technology has been with man for a long time. Because of limited physical strength but the need to move around, man has been creating tools to help him to do so easier. For example the problem of transportation has always been a major obstacle. The new technology has helped people to go to more Places at a much more faster pace. People can send and receive food from places much farther than they used to be able to do. Also new technology has been a great help in keeping people healthier, and helping them live longer. On the other hand the new technology brought pollution which is very harmful to people Also the new technology has brought more destructive power to man. The threat of nuclear war is very scarry. I think technology has created new problems for man, and these are problems with a very far away solutions.
I agree with the opponents of technology say that technology creates new problems that may threaten or damage the quality of life. The most serious problem is the pollution. Toxic wastes are being dumped into rivers, lakes and even our atmosphere. Fishes and other marine live cannot survive in polluted rivers and oceans.
Also, toxic gases are being produced by cars, factories and planes. This is the main source which causes the acid rain. Acid rain has done a great damage to the forest that the quantity of trees are reducing day by day. The ozone layer — a protective layer that surrounding us in the atmosphere is earring away by wasted chemicals. That means we are lossing our protective layer and letting ultravoilet to pass through. And for us, we are breathing in a lot of polluted air which may make us ill or sometimes may cause death.
Technology may solve a lot of problems but the point is the result of technology gives us disadvantages more than advantages. So I am on the side of the opponents.
Technology by definition refers to the improvement of the technical know how and advancement of machinery to improve the working systems in the human society. In a way this looks a very good idea in that man's work would be made much faster less laborious. Machines which are the main implements of technology have a major advantage to man's ways of life. Take for example an aeroplane, which being a product of advance in
technology has made all corners of the earth look like. They are only centimetres apart. It has made the means of communication which prior to its development was very difficult much easier and less risky.
Travelling to many parts of the world which are very many miles apart now only takes afew hours or days whereas this used to take days or even months.
On the other hand technology has created a number of new hazards to the health of the societies. The machines make life easy but also expose people to new problems. In the example considered above transportation has become easier by planes but these planes also expose people to accidents which have become so numerous and clain many lives daily. As we all know that a majority of these machines use fuel and that to use the fuel it has to burn there are products which we introduced into our environment. These new products include gases from automobiles which pollute the air we breathe. These gases expose us to lung diseases, cancers and number of new ailments which have not yet been fully explored.
In conclusion I think that although advances in technology may seem favourable there are alot of harzards which it introduces into our ways of life.
Technology refers to the skill, knowledge and technique that human being used in production. It is used as one of the indicators of the stage of development of a society.
As technology innovation occurs, the productivity and efficiency of a society can be improved. Before the invention of computer, people have to spend a lot of time in complex mathematical calculations. But now, with the aid of computers, the work which required one or two weeks may now be done within one or two hours. This give the scientists more time to spend on research and innovation. In addition to that, development of computer technology leads to another new product — robots. Robot provide much help in many aspects, for example, car assembly lines with the help of robots, the components of a car can be assembled more quickly and more accurately than that done by human hands. This results in lower cost of cars, and a better quality too.
On the other hand, technology may also bring some damage to human life. As more and more factories are built, more waste and toxic materials are disposed. This leads to more air pollution and more water pollution. The former will lead to weather change such as acid rain, and the concentration of ozone which will affect the global weather. While the latter will affect the survival of the living organisms in the sea, and which in return will pollute the drinking water of human being and affects human health.
Since seeking for better living environment is one of the desires of human being, technology innovation can help to achieve this goal. In order to reduce the disadvantages of technology innovation, the government has set up safety standards for the industries. And also in the process of technology innovation, a point has to be borne in mind, we have to control the technology, not we to be controlled by it.
Technology threatens and inflicts damage upon our quality of life. Scientific achievement of this century is creating a wide-spread plague that would soon destroy the entire world. Let's take, for example, our air. Due to massive air pollution, what we breathe is not relatively safe like it used to be. The fumes from the exhaust pipes of automobiles, trucks and factories blow waste materials into the atmosphere. After a period of time, atmospheric change occur. The fumes, that were collected in the atmosphere, are slowly eating-away at the ozone layer. This layer of the atmosphere is what shields us from solar ultra-violet rays. Once this layer is gone, our natural protection against the sun would be gone, and if we were hit by one ray of the sun, we'd burst into flames and fried into a cinder.
Another plague of technology would be nuclear power. The power that can energize entire cities with electricity could also be the power to destroy. After 1945, the research on nuclear power has increased significantly. Contrary to the belief that it is safe, nuclear power has a way of destroying whole cities. It is not like a fire that can be put out with water or CO2, but special equipments have to be used. Afterwards, that place would remain radioactive for quite a long time, devoid of life and sound.
So you see, if technology cannot be halted, then our fate is sealed. Our end would not come about by natural means, but by our own technological achievements. And life on Earth would cease to exist.
There are several viewpoints on the implications of technological change and advancement and such schools of thought which considerably worry have supertive validity. Technological change has its advantages and disadvantages. For one, it is true that it partly solves problems and makes life better. At the same time, technological changes may likely create new problems thereby threatening or damaging quality of life.
In the developing economies, for instance, technologicaladvantages for both its merits and dimerits. The introduction and seeming acceptability and usefulness of computers have somehow helped increase the efficiency of several firms. It is not only in the industrial sector that technological change proves to be very effective. In the agricultural sector, for example, the introduction of new technologies in increasing production has been very effective in expanding agricultural produce. There are just a few examples to illustrate the advantages of technological advancement.
On the other hand, countries should be more careful on their choice of technology since it must be noted that while certain types of technology are adaptable to developed economies, the same type of technology may not fit the environment of developing countries due to differing economic, social, cultural, and political factors. For example, infrastructure improvements such as a construction of irrigation dam in the mountains of the Philippines where several natives reside may likely be resisted by the population due to cultural factors. They may prefer not to have such improvements in view of traditional values. Another example is the pollution impact of some technological improvements particularly in the industrial sectors.
The choice and adaptability of new technology should therefore be carefully studied. The short, medium, and long term impact of such technology is very important particulary for developing economies. The benefits should always be greaterthan the costs.
I am inclined to support both positions because both views have their own validity. However, I am more convinced that technological advancement is really beneficial to countries si long as they are aware of the disadvantages of such technology.
Inventions such as eyeglasses and the sewing machine have had an important effect on our lives. Choose another invention that you think is important.
Give reasons for your choice.
The telephone plays a very important role in our lives. The telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell, a very well known inventor. Before there were telephones, communication was slow and people had to go into lots of trouble like writing letters and sending telegrams to relay a certain message to their family and friends.
The telephone makes communication easy. People can talk to one another by dialling the number required. They can converse with one another even through large distances such as Malaysia to America. In emergencies such as fire or accidents, a person can call for help. This could save a lot of lives, money and properties.
The telephone is very important to the business world. Companies make their orders from other companies by using the telephone. They also make business deals and pass on important news and information. By communicating through the telephone, business and managements can be done more easily and a lot of time is saved.
Comparing with the post, the telephone is a faster way to relay
messages. A letter would take weeks to reach a far destination but by
telephoning, it would only take a few seconds. It would also save
you trouble, as you would not have to go anywhere to buy stamps.
Considering the reasons given, the telephone has an important effect on our lives. It makes our lives easier and improves ommunication, worldwide.
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:
Teachers should make learning enjoyable and fun for their students.
Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion
«Teachers should make learning enjoyable and fun for their students». I do completely agree with this staments. I beleive that there have been many studies done on this subject, and they all indicate that if children during their first years of schooling associate learning as enjoyable and fun they will learn the subjects and retain more than if presented on a dull way. The trend in learning and education appears to support this idea.
The role of the teacher now days is more than just giving away a number of facts for students to learn. By making learning fun and enjoyable the student will also get motivated and probably do some research or outside class investigation to enrich his or her own knowledge, Some may say that this is a lot of work for the teachers.
However if you look at all the tegnology available, for example computer educational programs, educational videos etc.; they all try make the learning process enjoyable and fun. It is easier for teachers to plan their classes by using such materials. Students benefits as well since they are learning without associating the process as been a tedious chore needed to get a grade and pass a class.
I do beleive that in the long run both students and teacher will achive great results and a sence of a well accomplished j by approaching learning as an enjoyable and fun activity.
I do strongly support the idea that teachers should make learning enjoyable and fun for the students. This I support with the following reasons.
First let us take the psychological component of a student. A child or student will be more receptive, to anything including studies, if the subject matter is presented in an interesting and enjoyable manner if not there is every likelihood that the student will be unwilling or will reject the matter presented as he considers studying is a burden on him.
My second point is that the present day student faces tremendous amount of distractions such as interesting television programmes, drugs, distractions from opposite sexes and many more. To get the student away from all these and to get him interested in studies there is obviously no other way than to make learning interesting.
The present day students are also pressured with tremendous amount of competition from other students. With this mounting pressure on them coupled with the lush expectation of the parents it will lighten the burden on the young students with a more acceptable form of presentation that is in an enjoyable and fun manner.
Retention is another factor that should considered important. Any presentation which is given in an interesting or enjoyable manner can be retained well by the students. If the subject matter presented is interesting than there is strong ikelihood the student will forget the subject matter presented in days or even hours.
When presenting a subject the teacher should create a desire amongst the student to crave for more knowledge on the subject and this can certainly be obtained if the subject matter is presented in a fun and enjoyable manner.
It can also be said that the present day communication system is so advanced and there are ample teaching aids and techniques to make teaching fun and enjoyable. So why not utilise the opportunities to the full so that the students at the receiving end can benefit to the full.
Last but not least I wish to say that by making teaching fun and enjoyable the life expectancy of both the students and the teacher can be extended.
последние изменения 17.04.03