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TOPICS 1

Как готовиться к интервью

 Вопросы вам будут задаваться строго по бумажке. Какие вопросы вам будут заданы, можно предугадать заранее. Если вы собираетесь на учебу, обязательно будут вопросы, связанные со школой, учебным заведением, почему вы выбрали именно это учебное заведение и т.д. Работающих обычно просят описать обычный рабочий день, нравится ли выбранная специальность и т.д. Например, вопрос Are you married? сразу же повлечет за собой вопрос Do you have any children?

 Ниже приводятся типичные вопросы на интервью и какие скиллз они проверяют:

 Skill Providing general factual information

 Questions you may be asked:

  • What are some important festivals in your country?
  • What kind of climate does your country have?
  • What are some of the main industries in your country?

 SKILL Expressing your opinions and attitudes

  • What do you enjoy about the traditional music of your country?
  • What do you think are the positive and negative aspects of your country’s education system?
  • Would you prefer to live in the city or in the countryside and why?

SKILL Describing a place, event or situation.

  • Could you describe the village/town/city in which you grew up’?
  • What happens during (cultural event, such as Chinese New Your/Christmas) in your country?
  • Could you tell me how you like to spend your leisure time?

 SKILL Comparing places, events or situations

  • How is (city where candidate is studying) different from (candidate’s home city)?
  • What is the difference between shopping in (city where candidate is studying) and shopping in (candidate’s home city)
  • What do you like most about living in (city where candidate is studying)?
  • How does that compare with (candidate’s home city)?

SKILL You should be able to give directions and instructions.

  • Could you tell me, in detail, how you got from your home to the test centre this morning?
  • If I had to catch a train or bus in (home city candidate’s) what would I do?
  • If I were to meet (an important older person) in your culture, how should I greet them to be polite and show respect?

SKILL You should be able to re-tell a story or a sequence of events.

  • What happens in (an important festival) in your country?
  • What is the most embarrassing thing that’s ever happened to you?
  • What did you do when you were preparing to leave Russia to come to Australia?

SKILL Explaining how or why something is done.

  • Why do people do that? (referring to something just mentioned)
  • Could you tell me more about the procedure involved in (the topic under discussion)?
  • How do people celebrate the New Year in Russia?

Also questions you may be asked:

  • Where were you born?
  • What part of the city do you line in?
  • What are the main tourist attractions in your country?
  • Where have you studied English?
  • How many brothers and sisters have you got?
  • What’s the climate like in your country?
  • What are typical working hours in your country?
  • What aspect of English do you find most difficult?
  • Have you been collecting for a long time?
  • What is the biggest social problem in your country?
  • What sports are played in your country?
  • Could you describe the traditional architecture of your country?
  • What role does religion have in everyday life in your country?
  • What would you regard as the most significant events in your country’s recent history?
  • How aware do you think people are nowadays about environmental issues?
  • What are sporting facilities like in your home town?
  • What role does tourism play in your country’s economy?
  • How serious is unemployment in your country?
  • Can you describe one of the main festivals celebrated in your country?
  • In your opinion what are the most serious problems associated with modern city life?
  • If you could change one important thing about your hometown, what would you change?
  • Some people prefer to live in a small town. Others prefer to live in a big city. Which place would you prefer to live in?
  • Nowadays, food has become easier to prepare. Has this change improved the way people live?
  • Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums? Neighbors are the people who live near us.
  • In your opinion, what are the qualities of a good neighbor?
  • What are some important qualities of a good supervisor (boss)?
  • A person you know is planning to move to your town or city. What do you think this person would like and dislike about living in your town or city? Why? What change would make your hometown more appealing to people your age?
  • A gift (such as a camera, a soccer ball, or an animal) can contribute to a child's development. What gift would you give to help a child develop? Why?
  • Would you prefer to live in a traditional house or in a modern apartment building?
  • Some people prefer to spend their free time outdoors. Other people prefer to spend their leisure time indoors. Would you prefer to be outside or would you prefer to be inside for your leisure activities?
  • Imagine that you have received some land to use as you wish. How would you use this land?
  • Many parts of the world are losing important natural resources, such as forests, animals, or clean water. Choose one resource that is disappearing and explain why it needs to be saved.
  •  Some people are always in a hurry to go places and get things done. Other people prefer to take their time and live life at a slower pace. Which do you prefer?
  • If you were asked to send one thing representing your country to an international exhibition, what would you choose? Why?
  • Plants can provide food, shelter, clothing, or medicine. What is one kind of plant that is important to you or the people in your country?
  • People remember special gifts or presents that they have received. Why?
  • People do many different things to stay healthy. What do you do for good health?
  • People listen to music for different reasons and at different times. Why is music important to many people?
  • Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it?
  • When choosing a place to live, what do you consider most important: location, size, style, number of rooms, types of rooms, or other features?
  • Because of developments in communication and transportation, countries are becoming more and more alike. How is your country becoming more similar to other places in the world?

Темы для обсуждения

Попрактикуйтесь в умении говорить на заданные темы. Если сможете, обсуждайте эти темы с кем-то, записывая себя на кассету – это поможет выявить вам свои слабые стороны и улучшить их. Помните, что нельзя давать однозначныx ответов. 1. Talk about a birthday celebration that you particularly enjoyed.

  • When was it?
  • What did you do?
  • Why did you particularly like it?

2. Talk about a film, TV programme or book that you enjoyed very much.

  • when and where you saw/read it
  • what the plot was about
  • why you particularly liked it
  • Describe in general the type of television programmes that are the most popular in your country.
  • Compare the media now with how it was a generation ago.
  • What kind of effect does the media have on young people and how might this change in the future?

3.Try to discuss the points about Education:

  • What is your opinion of your education system? What are the good and bad points and how could it be improved?
  • What are the differences between state and private schools in your country?
  • What system of discipline was used in your school? Was it effective?
  • What are the relationships between teachers and students like?

4. Try to discuss the points about Festivals :

  • What festivals are particular to your country and what do you think about them?
  • What festivals are internationally recognised?
  • What role do you think festivals have in your society and is this role changing? Are some festivals too commercial these days?
  • Compare how people celebrate it now with how people may have celebrated it in the past.
  • How might this festival change in the future?

5. Try to discuss the points about Your Hometown:

  • Describe your hometown.
  • What are your local industries?
  • Is your hometown famous for anything?
  • What changes have happened recently in your town and what do you think will happen in the future?

6. Try to discuss the points about Sport:

  • Which sports are popular in your country?
  • Which sports do you enjoy playing or watching and why?
  • What problems are connected to sport? (e.g. drugs in sport)
  • Do you think sports players deserve the high salaries they are paid or not?

7. Try to discuss the points about the Internet:

  • What is your experience of the internet?
  • What are the dangers of the internet?
  • What impact does the internet have on society?
  • What do you think will happen to the internet in the future?

8. Describe a job that your would like to do in the future. You should say:

  • Why you are attracted to do this job.
  • How much training, if any, would be necessary.
  • What kind of personal qualities it would require.

9. Describe a children story that you know well. You should say:

  • When you first heard or read it.
  • What you particularly liked about it.
  • Why you think it become popular.

10. Describe a family celebration that you once attended. You should say:

  • Where it took place.
  • Why it was held.
  • How you felt about it.

11. Try to discuss the points about Life in Russia:

  • what do you like/dislike about it
  • How has life changed since collapse of communism
  • What is the biggest social problem in your country?
  • What do you think about Yeltsin (smb else)
  • What do you think about prospective of Russian economics
  • What would you regard as the most significant events in your country's recent history?
  • How serious is unemployment in your country?

12. Try to discuss the points about Tourism:

  • What are the most interesting places in your country/city
  • Do you have a favourite (least favourite) building in your town Which? Why? Why it was built?
  • How Moscow (other city) similar (different) from StPetersburg (London, your city etc)
  • Do you prefer the town or the countryside? Why?
  • How would you recommend a foreigner to spend time on holiday in Moscow?

13. Try to discuss the points about Family life:

  • Tell about your upbringing
  • What activities did you do with your grandparents as a child?
  • What does family life mean to you in general
  • What role do/(should) men/women typically play in Russian families?
  • How different is your life from the lives of your parents/grandparents
  • Have these roles changed recently?

14. Try to discuss the points about Educational system:

  • Does school prepare you for real life?
  • In which areas in Russian education most/least successful?
  • What is Russian educational system like from your experience?
  • In what ways is English used in your country?
  • How do people in your country learn English?
  • Do you believe there should be a choice of private (paying) versus state schools?

15. Try to discuss the points about Festivals:

  • Which festivals are traditional in Russia?
  • What activities usually take place at one of these festivals (gifts/meals/decorations/music…)
  • What role do children (family) play in this festival?

16. Try to discuss the points about Travel by air:

  • Where/when did you last travel by air
  • Tell about usual procedure at an airport from arrival to take off
  • What are advantages/disadvantages of travelling by air compared with travel by car/bus/train
  • How safe (frequent) is air travel in Russia?

17. Try to discuss the points about Pollution:

  • Which kinds of pollution do you think are most harmful
  • How important to you is it to be 'green'
  • What should be done to tackle pollution
  • Is it the responsibility of the government or the individual to prevent pollution
  • How aware do you think people are nowadays about environmental issues?
  • How ecologically friendly is the region you live in? (crowded buildings/parklands/green belt)

18. Try to discuss the points about Marriage ceremony:

  • Could you describe what happens at a typical Russian wedding ceremony?
  • How is it different from a typical wedding in Britain?
  • Do you have any memories of your/your friend's wedding ceremony?

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