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ACADEMIC WRITING TASK 1

Описание таблиц, графиков, диаграмм

Понимание и описание графической информации или данных – важнейший академический навык. IELTS Academic Task 1 проверяет вашу возможность описывать ясно и точно фактическую информацию, представленную в виде графика или диаграммы.

1. Слова, которые помогут вам описать направление линий на графике:

 

nouns a rise; an increase; a fall; a drop; a decline; a peak / dip
adjectives and adverbs sharp(ly) / dramatic(ally); considerable(ly); steady(ly); slight(ly) / gentle(ly); gradual(ly); relative(ly)
phrase remain the same; reach a plateau; remain stable; remain / stay constant; reach a peak; hit / fall to the lowest point

2. Когда вы будете интерпретировать графики, таблицы и диаграммы, вы обнаружите, что некоторые детали необходимо сравнивать и противопоставлять. Экзаменатор будет смотреть на то, что можете ли вы структурировать свой ответ хорошо и связывать свои идеи соответствующе. Следующая таблица может помочь вам в этом:

to contrast while/whilst; more … than; whereas; different from; however; on the other hand; even so; nevertheless; less … than; differ(ence); although; in contrast to; conversely; unlike
to compare likewise; similarity; as …as, just as; In the same way; Like, alike; to reflect; to mirror; to have in common

3. Запомните: если вы задействуете слишком много слов-связок или структур, или используете эти структуры не соответствующим образом, вы потеряете баллы.

4. Вы потеряете баллы, если интерпретируете информацию неточно, несмотря на то, что ваш ответ может быть грамматически корректным.

5. Очень важно избегать копирования задачи (переписывания задания), так как экзаменатор просто проигнорирует любой материал, скопированный из текста задания и вы не получите баллов за это.

модель Task 1

The chart below shows the number of barrels of oil produced and the number consumed by various regions of the world. What does the chart tell you? Write one or more paragraphs that convey the information displayed in the chart.

Standard Outline

I. Regions that use more than they produce

A. Australasia and Asia – each uses about 50% more than produced

B. Europe
1. Uses about 75% more than produced
2. Almost the largest producer, but also the largest user

C. U.S. and Canada

1. Produce 3/5 of what is used
2. Produce twice what many other regions produce, but use the most with exception of Europe

II. Regions that produce more than they use

A. Latin America
1. Uses 6/7 of what it produce
2. Biggest user of the regions that produce more than they use

B. Africa
1. Produces more than twice what it uses
2. It and Middle East use less than any other region on chart

C. Middle East
1. Produces more than any other region
2. Tied with Africa for using smallest amount

III. Possible explanations and results

A. Region that use a lot more than produce – U.S. and Europe
1. Both produce a significant amount, but use much more than produce
2. A lot of industry and vehicles

B. Regions that produce a lot more than they use – Africa and Middle East
1. Little industry and few vehicles using petroleum products

C. Regions that produce more than they use can make a profit selling to countries that consume more than they produce.

Introductory Paragraph

Generalize:

A graph of world petroleum consumption compared to petroleum use shows a tremendous difference among regions.

Focus:

Some use more than they produce, while others produce more than they use.

Survey:

Certain regions have large petroleum production but lack the industry and transportation to utilize it. They are able to make a profit by selling to regions that need it.

Conclusion:

As the chart describes, certain regions produce more petroleum than they consume, and others consume more than they produce. Those with a surplus can profit by selling it to the large consumers that cannot produce all that they need.

 

Complete Task  
Introduction A graph of world petroleum consumption compared to petroleum use shows a tremendous difference among regions. Some use more than they produce, while others produce more than they use. Certain regions have large petroleum production but lack the industry and transportation to utilize it. They are able to make a profit by selling to regions that need it.
Body Paragraph 1: Regions that use more Four regions shown consume more petroleum than they produce. Both Australasia and Asia consume about fifty percent more than they produce. Europe consumes about seventy-five percent more than it produces. It is one of the largest produces but also is the largest consumer of all the regions. The United States and Canada together produce about three-fifths of what they consume; while they produce more than twice as much as many other regions, they consume the most with the exception of Europe.
Body Paragraph 2: Regions that use less than they produce Three regions shown on the chart produce more than they consume. Latin America produces approximately ten percent more than it consumes. It is the biggest consumer among the regions that produce more than they consume. Africa produces more than they consume. Africa produces more than twice what it consumes, and the Middle East is the biggest producer of all. However, those two regions are tied for consuming the smallest amount.
Body Paragraph 3: Possible
explanation
The United States, Canada, and Europe use a great deal more than they produce, but each produces a considerable amount. The high usage probable results from their industrial and transportation requirements. On the other hand, Africa and the Middle East produce much more than they use, which probably indicates low petroleum needs in industry and transportation.
Conclusion As the chart describes, certain regions produce more petroleum than they consume, and others consume more than they produce. Those with a surplus can profit by selling it to the large consumers that cannot produce all that they need.

Раздел составлен по материалам пособия по подготовке к экзаменам по английскому языку
"TOEFL: preparation guide with optional essay section" by Michael A.Payle, M.A. and Mary Ellen Munoz, M.A.

 

 

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